Catron Countyis the largest county in land size in the State of New Mexico but has the third smallest population. The county covers almost 7,000 square miles and is comprised of mostly rugged mountainous terrain. Less than 20% of the land in Catron County is privately owned with the balance of the land being public. Approximately 3,500 people make up the population of the county; this translates to two square miles of space per person. Catron County is home to the Village of Reserve.
Village of Reserve is where adventure awaits the new frontier. The area is surrounded by the Gila & Apache National Forests.
The captivating terrains and natural beauty of Reserve includes pristine mountain streams and lakes, breath-taking mountains and mesas, ancient sandstone-brushed canyons, lush deserts, dark star-painted skies, evergreen forests, wealth of widlife, and never-ending views.
Grant Countywas created from Doña Ana County, New Mexico. An act of Territorial Legislature on January 1868 changed the name Dona Ana County to Grant County in honor of General Ulysses S. Grant. The first county seat was Central City (now Santa Clara) in 1868, and in 1869 Pinos Altos, but since 1874 has been in Silver City.
Grant County is home to City of Bayard, Town of Hurley, Village of Santa Clara, and Town of Silver City.
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City of Bayard is located in the foothills of the Gila and Mogollon Mountains and is know as the hub of the Mining District in Grant County. It is situated east of the Continental Divide with and elevation of approximately 5,800 feet. To the north lies the Gila National Forest and to the south a semi-arid desert of predominantly grasses and Yucca.
Town of Hurley was a complete company town that had everything houses, stores, and schools. Of course, everything was owned by the Chino Mine branch of the Nevada Consolidated Copper Company, later Kennecott Copper Corporation, then Phelps Dodge.
Today, Freeport McMoran has mining operations all around Hurley. The historical landmarks of Hurley, two smokestacks are visible for miles, smelter and converter are no longer in exsistence in Hurley.
Village of Santa Clara, formerly called Central. The oldest village in the Mining District, its history is closely tied to Fort Bayard. Soldiers from the fort found their recreation in Santa Clara. At one time, some forty working mines in the area produced gold and silver.
Town of Silver Citylies at the center of an outdoor recreation paradise. It is a gateway to the three-million-three-hundred-thousand-acre Gila National Forest. The forest includes the Gila Wilderness, the first land in the world to be set aside specifically as a wilderness area and, today, the largest wilderness in the Southwest.
Located in the deep southwest along the borders of Arizona and Mexico, Hidalgo County began as farming, ranching, and mining communities long before statehood in 1912. The county's population of 4,894 and an area of 3,445.63 square miles, averages to be 1.4 persons per square mile.
Panoramic mountain horizons and spectacular views of the sky are only part of the county’s appeal. It boasts two ghost towns, windsail racing on dry lake beds, an anti-terrorism training facility, birdwatching, ranch tours, and hiking.
Hidalgo County is home to the City of Lordsburg and Village of Virden.
City of Lordsburg has been the perfect stop along the route throughout the birth of the Old West. The City continues to play an important role as a community. Lordsburg was part of the famous Butterfield Stage route. In 1927 Lordsburg was one of the stops on Charles Lindbergh's famous transcontinental flight. The authentic ghost towns of Shakespeare and Steins are nearby attractions. Lordsburg also holds the honor of being the birthplace of the New Mexico State song.
Village of Virden is the home to approximately 122 people.Virden has a unique characteristic of the valley in which the Village is locared runs through the border of New Mexico and Arizona; therefore residents claim to live in two states. The heart Virden is in New Mexico but just to the west residents live in Arizona. School children attend school in Duncan, Arizona, on a waiver from Lordsburg Municipal Schools.
While copper mining and refining have been a primary source of wealth in the surrounding area for most of the twentieth century, Luna County has a proud and successful heritage in farming and ranching producing chilies, pecans, cotton, melons, sweet onions, and grapes and is home to value-added agricultural product processing plants. The value added agricultural processing industry includes Border Foods; St. Clair, New Mexico’s largest winery; and Luna Rossa another award-winning wine maker.Luna County has a population of 25,095 and shares a 54-mile border with the Republic of Mexico. A large modern International Port of Entry located three miles south of the Luna County Village of Columbus on State Highway 11, provides 24-hour per day service between the Mexican State of Chihuahua and the U.S. market for a variety of agricultural products.
Luna County is the home of City of Deming and Village of Columbus.
Village of Columbus is designated a National Historic site. On March 9, 1916, General Francisco Pancho Villa invaded the United States, and attacked Camp Furlon (now Pancho Villa State Park). The small village is located in the high desert three miles north of the international port of entry to Mexico.
City of Deming is located 33 miles north of the Mexican border surrounded by desert with a backdrop of the Florida mountains. Deming has an abundance of history, atmosphere, and sunshine giving their State Parks a spectacular views. Deming's presence of water and agriculture gives the City an oasis feeling in the New Mexico desert.